Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) is a versatile standard polymer. In addition to its application in piping systems, ABS is mainly common in automotive applications and in high-quality household devices. The wide area of application relates to the versatile characteristic profile of ABS. It can be adapted to the application by varying the composition of its three components: acrylonitrile, styrene and polybutadiene. While acrylonitrile provides strength to the material and gives ABS an improved chemical resistance relative to polystyrene, the styrenic component provides both strength and a quality surface finish. The chemically bound polybutadiene rubber particles, on the other hand, give the material its toughness and impact strength, even at very low temperatures.
Polyamide (Nylon) gas pipe system is a revolutionary plastic pipe system developed for the gas industry, used for both direct burial and rehabilitation of existing cast iron and steel gas mains.
The excellent chemical resistance properties of Polyamide 11 (PA11) and Polyamide 12 (PA12), permits the conveyance of natural, manufactured or LP gases containing small amounts of aromatic and other condensable hydrocarbon impurities.
High tensile strength of polyamides enables the production of thin walled pipes with comparable strength, compared with much heavier walled polyethylene pipes.
Polyamide can withstand considerable stresses at peak temperatures in the region of 80°C (dry heat).
Polyamide pipes have excellent chemical resistance to heavy hydrocarbons at ambient temperatures.
GF Piping Systems would like to wish you a safe and enjoyable Christmas, and New Year. We look forward to a busy 2017 for all.
Please note that our blog will be not be monitored during the festive season from COB Thursday 22 December 2016, until Monday January 9, 2017.
Please note our offices throughout Australia will be closed from COB on Friday December 23, 2016, and will reopen on Tuesday January 3, 2017. Contact our customer service team to ensure we can meet your requirements before we close for the festive season.
The solvent-cemented connection in thermoplastic pipe and fittings is the last vital link in a plastic pipe installation. It can mean the success or failure of the system as a whole. Accordingly, it requires the same professional care and attention that are given to other components of the system. There are many solvent cementing techniques published covering step by step procedures on just how to make solvent cemented joints. However if the basic principles involved are explained, known and understood, a better understanding would be gained as to what techniques are necessary to suit particular applications, temperature conditions, and variations in size and fits of pipe and fittings.
Many process plants handle harmful and corrosive liquids. To assure the best possible protection of life and property, operators need to focus special attention to their inventory- or day-tanks. These vessels are the points with the highest accumulation of dangerous fluids on their facilities.
The right combination of dedicated sensors and controllers can be used to design a redundant filling level control monitoring system; their continuous and limit switches which are taking care of crucial filling levels.
Continuous Level Control
Ultrasonic, radar or hydro static level sensors generate a continuous signal which allows precise filling and emptying control. They are used e.g. in batching or mixing processes but also for simple inventory control. The sensors directly control the process during daily operations.
Even most advanced continuous technologies can be prone to measurement errors or malfunctions. But the handling of harmful fluids does not leave any room for loss of control. That is where limit switches play an important role as a redundant safety system.
At least one pair of limit switches is placed into a tank – one at the maximum and another one at the lowest allowed filling level. Most limit switches are designed to react as soon as they get in physical contact with the process media – as soon as the minimal or maximum level had been reach. This usually only happens if the continuous sensor fails. Still the environment is safe due to the fact that the switches directly connect to the power supply of the pump or the valve of the inlet.
Only by applying both technologies operators can guarantee protection of life and equipment, even if one system may fail.
Refrigeration and Cooling plants in general using plastic pipe as the carrier system offer complete corrosion resistance and a cost effective solution compared to traditional metal materials.
Pressure ratings for thermoplastic pipe are always quoted for water at 20 °C. It can be used at higher temperatures but it is a fundamental principle in thermoplastic pipework that if the working temperature is increased then the working pressure must be reduced.
The design and installation of thermoplastic pipe systems requires designers and installers alike to take into account the fact that plastics have different physical characteristic to metal.
As a general rule for designing and installing plastics one of the major differences is that plastics can and should be allowed to move after commissioning i.e. move under the influence of temperature fluctuation and pressure changes. For instance using pipe brackets that allow horizontal movement and not clamping the system in place is a must for plastic piping installations.
Polybutene has the least thermal expansion of all the plastics. The low expansion forces (30 times less than steel and 10 times less than composite piping) means that the material can absorb the expansion in itself.
This, in turn, saves on expansion legs or joint and makes it possible to use standard fasteners, so clean and aesthetically pleasing installations can be built, even where space is limited.
- space-saving installation
- no maintenance
- easy to install
- the flexibility of polybutene enables making smaller changes in direction without the use of fittings. This saves on parts and valuable on-site time.
- polybutene retains its flexibility and easy handling even at low temperatures
- pre-fabricated riser pipes can be transported in coils and installed in shafts on site easily and quickly
- very durable due to its high resistance to chemicals
Planning and installation of piping systems is a true engineering task, necessitating the organisation of a multitude of requirements and goals. For piping installations, simple, critical and aggressive media in each case require suitable materials. The idea is to especially cover the requirements of functionality, operating safety, optimal service life, environmental conditions and adequate profitability. Included in this are overall ecological, technical and economic assessments. High-performance plastics for piping installations are proven and implementable where special endurance problems in connection with the media need solving.
Environmental protection is an important responsibility affecting us all. Each one of us, businesses and industrial concerns alike have to meet this great challenge.
Ecological balance for plastic piping systems
- Raw material requirements
- Energy requirements
- Impact on:
– Hygienically safe | Air | Water | Disposal
– Economic | Technical | Ecological
- Product use
– Long service life | Proven in practice | Good recycling characteristics | High chemical resistance properties | Simple handling | Negligible piping losses | Cost-effective
An analysis of the individual positions for an ecological balance, it can be demonstrably established that plastic piping systems are not only economical, but also technically and especially ecologically profitable when compared with other material systems.
Testing and past field experience studies have concluded that when conventional Type I, Grade I (Cell Classification 12454) rigid PVC pipe is exposed to UV radiation from sunlight the following conditions have been noted:
- The effects of exposure to UV radiation results in a colour change to the product, slight increase in tensile strength, slight increase in modulus of tensile elasticity, and a slight decrease in impact strength.
- UV degradation occurs only in the plastic material directly exposed to UV radiation and to extremely shallow penetration depths (frequently less than 0.001 inch). UV degradation does not continue when exposure to UV is terminated.
- UV radiation will not penetrate even thin shields such as paint coatings, clothing or wrapping.
Based on these studies, it maybe recommended that PVC and CPVC piping products (i.e. pipe, duct and shapes) exposed to the direct effects of UV radiation be painted with a light coloured acrylic or latex paint that is chemically compatible with the PVC/CPVC products. Compatibility information should be confirmed with the paint manufacturer. The use of oil-based paints is not recommended.
When painted the effects of exposure to sunlight are significantly reduced, however, consideration should be given to the effects of expansion/contraction of the system caused by heat absorption in outdoor applications. The use of a light coloured, reflective paint coating will reduce this affect, however, the system must also be designed and installed in such a manner to reduce the effects of movement due to thermal expansion. Information concerning expansion and contraction, proper hanger support spacing and other design criteria can be found in this engineering and installation guide.
All piping systems expand and contract with changes in temperature.
Thermoplastic piping expands and contracts more than metallic piping when subjected to temperature changes. This issue must be addressed with appropriate system design to prevent damage to the piping system. The degree of movement (change in length) generated as the result of temperature changes, must be calculated based on the type of piping material and the anticipated temperature changes of the system. The rate of expansion does not vary with pipe size. In many cases this movement must then be compensated for by the construction of appropriate sized expansion loops, offsets, bends or the installation of expansion joints.
These configurations will absorb the stresses generated from the movement, thereby minimizing damage to the piping. The effects of thermal expansion and contraction must be considered during the design phase, particularly for systems involving long runs, hot water lines, hot drain lines, and piping systems exposed to environmental temperature extremes (i.e. summer to winter).
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